2019年12月03日 00:57

  Whatever the mind can conceive and believe, it can achieve.
  Back in the 19th century, two brothers had an idea which eventually became their passionate dream. Their pursuit of that dream was rewarded with an accomplishment that changed the world travel.
  On Friday December 17, 1903 at 10:35 a. m., the Wright brothers(Wilbur and Orville) achieved their dream. They flew "the world"s first power driven, heavier than air machine in which man made free, controlled, and sustained flight." This memorable feat took place at Kitty Hawk, North California on a cold windy morning.
  The dream started with an idea that was planted in their minds by a toy given to them by their father. In the words of boys, "late in the autumn of 1878, our father came into the house on evening with some object partly concealed in his hands, and before we could see what it was, he tossed it into the air. Instead of falling to the floor, as we expected, it flew across the room till it struck the ceiling, where it fluttered a while, and finally sank to the floor." This simple toy made of bamboo, cork and stretched rubber bands, fascinated the Wright brothers and sparked their lifelong interest in human flight.
  The Wright brothers were great thinkers. They enjoyed learning new things. Initially, they recycled broken parts, built a printing press and opened their own printing office. Their interest moved to bicycles and in 1893, they opened the Wright Cycle Company where they sold and repair bicycles. But Wilbur(the old brother) had his mind set on something more exciting. He decided to seriously pursue flying.
  The brothers spend many hours searching, testing their machines and making improvements after unsuccessful attempts at human flight. What started out as a hobby soon became a passion. With determination and patience their realized their dream in 1903.
  The next time you hear or see an airplane or travel on one, remember where it all started. A simple idea conceived in the minds of two young men who did not finish high school. Believe it or not, they did not have a University degree in Aeronautical Engineering, Mathematics, Physics or any other subject. They were not scientists in the true sense of the word. In fact, many of their peers who did not witness their accomplishment, had trouble believing that two bicycle mechanics from Dayton, Ohio did what they claimed.
  What idea or ideas are you working on? Have you said you can"t do this or that because you are not a scientist? Have you limited yourself by saying you are not smart enough? Or have you joined the majority in saying that everything has already been invented or discovered?
  Since the introduction of the first generation of personal computers in 1981, we are able to do many things more efficiently. With a super computer between your ears and the personal computer at your fingertips, your dream can be achieved. First, give birth to that dream with an idea. A simple idea that anyone of us can conceive!

  Hong Kong has taken over from Tokyo as the world"s most expensive city, according to a lifestyle survey which also reveals the gap between the costliest and cheapest cities is narrowing. Moscow muscles in at second place in the survey, released by Mercer Human Resource Consulting, with Tokyo third. At the other end of the scale, Johannesburg replaced Blantyre, Malawi as the cheapest city on the planet. Mercer said the gulf between those at the top and bottom of the pile had narrowed by nearly 15 percent in the 12 months to March 2002. The research took New York as the base city with a nominal score of 100 points. Hong Kong scored 124.2; the South African metropolis just 34.4. It measured the comparative cost of over 200 items such as housing, food, clothing and household goods as well as transport and entertainment in 144 cities worldwide. St. Petersburg in Russia and London were the two most expensive cities in Europe, while in the United States, New York was far and away the costliest city, followed by Los Angeles, Chicago and San Francisco. Elsewhere, Buenos Aires had the most dramatic fall, plunging from 23rd to 133rd following Argentina"s economic crisis and devaluation of the peso. New Zealand and Australian cities continued to show they are probably the best bet for cheap but high quality living, with scores consistently around 50 or below while at the same time ranking in the top 30 for quality of life in another Mercer survey released in March 2002.
  一、1.[sleeping改为asleep]2.[very改为too] 3.[√]4.[it改为which]
   8.[serious改为seriously] 9.[and改为but]10.[that后加will]
  四、1.[saw改为seeing或前加who]2.[on改为up]3. [√]4.[not后加be]

  I used to be just like every other kids, I was a very mischievous1 and I looked the way other little girls looked. But slowly my face started to change and at the age of four I was diagnosed with a rare genetic condition called Cherubism2.
  As my face became more deformed3 I started to become withdrawn. Kids at school would call me "fat chin" and "chubby4 cheeks". When I"d walk down the street I would be stared at and taunted5. Adults weren"t thing! which made me feel small and worthless. My teenage years were very hard because it"s a time when you want to fit in with your school friends and be popular and like everyone else. But I didn"t fit in, so I was very unhappy and kept wishing my face would become normal.
  I loved reading. I used to spend hours in the school and local library reading books to escape from the bullying6. Bullies don"t tend to go to libraries, it"s far too intellectual for them! But because I was reading so much my English levels increased and I got two As in my English GCSEs7. At first I wanted to leave school and become a doctor/vet/teacher/air hostess/hairdresser/nurse like my friends, but when I was fourteen I decided that I really wanted to be a film director/writer/poet/actress/producer/journalist! So I left school and went to college and I"m now finishing a degree in animation8, media and society. These years spent hiding in libraries turned out to be very useful indeed!
  I"ve often had people say to me, "Is there anything they can do for your face so you can look normal? No? Oh, isn"t that awful? You poor thing!" But is it so awful? I spend years feeling unhappy because people were cruel to me. But I realize now that it"s not my face that is the problem but people"s prejudices9. We live in a society that says physical difference is bad and beauty is good. But this has resulted in disfigured10 and disabled people like me being treated like secondclass citizens because our bodies are different and we are seen as less than human.
  My face is very different, and some would say it was ugly. But I"m proud to have it. It"s influenced me and made me stronger. I"m no angel(my childhood tendency towards mischief remains) but I think I"m okay. I learnt at a very young age that people can be cruel and ignorant and that the world is a very difficult place to live in when you have a disability or disfigurement. Perhaps I was too young to learn this. But I think having this face has taught me one of the most important things that a person can learn, that it"s okay to be different, even great to be different and that diversity is what makes life so special.
  ①mischievous adj.恶作剧的,淘气的
  ②cherubism n.颌骨增大症
  ③deformed adj.不成形的,丑陋的,残废的
  ④chubby adj.圆胖的,丰满的
  ⑤taunt vt.嘲弄,奚落
  ⑥bully vt. 威吓,威逼n.欺凌弱小者
  ⑦GCSE(abbr.):General Certificate of Secondary Education普通中等教育证书
  ⑧animation n.动画
  ⑨prejudice n.偏见,成见,损害,侵害
  ⑩disfigure vt.损毁……的外形,使变丑





  James Watt"s great claim to fame is that he greatly improved on the steam engine thus paving the way for their use in factories, mills, mines etc.
  James Watt, the son of a merchant, was born in Greenock, Scotland, in 1736. Watt did not attend school regularly,but instead he was mostly schooled at home by his mother. He exhibited great manual dexterity1 and an aptitude2 for mathematics, and absorbed the legends and lore of the Scottish people.
  When he was 18, his mother died and his father"s health had begun to fail. Watt was sent to London to learn the trade of a mathematical-instrument maker.
  Watt returned to Glasgow in 1757 where he established his own instrument-making business. Watt soon developed a reputation as a high quality engineer. Four years after opening his shop, Watt began to experiment with steam. At this point Watt had still never seen an operating steam engine, but he tried constructing a model. It failed to work satisfactorily, but he continued his experiments and began to read everything about it he could. He independently discovered the importance of latent heat in understanding the engine. He learned that University of Glasgow owned a model Newcomen engine, but it was in London for repairs. Watt got the university to have it returned, and he made the repairs in 1763.
  It too just barely worked, and after much experimentation he showed that about 80% of the heat of the steam was consumed in heating the cylinder3, because the steam in it was condensed by an injected stream of cold water. His critical insight, to cause the steam to condense in a separate chamber apart from the piston4, and to maintain the temperature of the cylinder at the same temperature as the injected steam, posed a problem. How was the steam to be transferred from the
  cylinder to the condenser? The solution came in the course of a walk upon Glasgow Green. He suddenly realized that, as "nature abhors a vacuum5", the answer was to create a vacuum in the condenser which would suck the steam from the cylinder. By the time he had reached the golf links, he had worked out a way of doing this, utilising an air pump. He soon had a working model by 1765.
  Now came a long struggle to produce a full-scale engine. The principal difficulty was in machining the piston and cylinder. Iron workers of the day were more like blacksmiths than machinists, so the results left much to be desired. Much capital was spent in pursuing the groundbreaking patent. Strapped for resources, Watt was forced to take up employment as a surveyor for eight years.
  Watt finally had access to some of the best iron workers in the world. The difficulty of the manufacture of a large cylinder with a tightly fitting piston was solved hy John Wilkinson who had developed precision boring techniques for cannon making.
  Finally, in 1776, the first engines were installed and working in commercial enterprises. These first engines were used for pumps and produced only reciprocating6 motion. Orders began to pour in and for the next five years Watt was very busy installing more engines, mostly in Cornwall for pumping water out of mines.

  The British love to think of themselves as polite, and everyone knows how fond they are of their "pleases" and "thank you". Even the simplest business such as buying a train ticket requires1seven or eight of these. Another2of our good manners is the queue. New-comers to Britain could be forgiven for thinking that queuing rather than football was the3national sport. Finally, of course, Motorists generally stop at crossings. But does all this mean that the British should consider themselves more polite than their European neighbors? I think not.
  Take forms of address(称呼) for example. The average English person4 he happens to work in a hotel or department store -- would rather die than call a stranger "Sir" or "Madam". Yet in some European countries this is the most basic of common address. Our5 "you" for everyone may appear more democratic, but it means that we are forced to seek out complicated ways to express6. I am all for returning to the use of "thee" and "thou" (Thee and thou are old-fashioned poetic words for "you"): "you" would be7for strangers and professional relationships.
  And of course, the English find touching and other shows of friendship truly terrifying. Have you noticed how the British 8ever touch? Personally, I find the Latin habit of shaking hands or a friendly kiss quite charming. Try kissing the average English person, and they will either take two steps backwards in horror; or if their escape is 9you will find your lips touching the back of their head. Now what could be 10 than that?
  1. A. at least B. at mostC. less thanD. not more than
  2. A. signal B. sceneC. signD. sight
  3. A. treeB. originalC. superiorD. advanced
  4. A. if B. whetherC. whenD. unless
  5. A. universalB. uniqueC. regularD. normal
  6. A. politenessB. gratitudeC. democracyD. consideration
  7. A. orderedB. reservedC. offeredD. stocked
  8. A. highlyB. mostlyC. hardlyD. nearly
  9. A. confirmedB. assuredC. jammedD. blocked
  10. A. betterB. ruderC. more politeD. more frightening
  It is very important to have healthy teeth. Good teeth help us to chew food. They also help us to look nice.
  How does a tooth go bad? The1begins in a little crack in the enamel (珐琅) covering of the tooth. This happens after germs and bits of food have2 there. Then the decay slowly spreads inside the tooth. In the end, poison goes into the blood, and we may feel quite ill.
  How can we keep our teeth3? First, we ought to visit our dentist twice a year. He can fill the small holes in our teeth before they destroy the teeth. He can4 our teeth to check that they are growing in the right way.5, many people wait until they have toothache before they see a dentist. Secondly, we should brush our teeth with a toothbrush and fluoride(氯化物) toothpaste at least6a day--once after breakfast and once before we go to bed. We can also use wooden toothpicks to7 between our teeth after a meal. Thirdly, we should eat food that is8to our teeth and our body: milk, cheese, fish, brown bread, potatoes, red rice, raw vegetables and fresh fruit. Chocolate, sweets, biscuits and cakes are bad, especially9we eat them between meals. They are harmful because they10our teeth and cause decay.
成都市锦江区教育局  地球,  是全世界人民的家园。  地球,  给我们带来了许多好处。  我们,  生活在美好的地球上。  可惜,  大家污染了地球。  三十八亿年前,  地球还是一个炽热的火球。  如今,  地球变得如此完美,有山有水有森林。  所以,  大家一定要好好保护她!  我们才可以快乐地生活在地球。


  Greeting Season:
  春节 The Spring Festival
  农历 lunar calendar
  正月 lunar January;
   the first month by lunar calendar
  除夕 New Year"s Eve;
   eve of lunar New Year
  初一 the beginning of New Year
  元宵节 The Lantern Festival
  Food names:
  年糕 Nian-gao; rise cake; New Year cake
  团圆饭 family reunion dinner
  年夜饭 the dinner on New Year"s Eve
  饺子 Jiao-zi; Chinese meat ravioli
  汤圆 Tang-yuan; dumplings made of sweet rice, rolled into balls and
   stuffed with either sweet orspicy fillings
  八宝饭 eight treasures rice pudding
  糖果盘 candy tray
  什锦糖 assorted candies - sweet and fortune
  蜜冬瓜 candied winter melon - growth and good health
  西瓜子 red melon seed - joy, happiness, truth and sincerity
  金桔 cumquat - prosperity
  糖莲子 candied lotus seed - many descendents to come
  糖藕 candied lotus root - fulfilling love relationship
  红枣 red dates - prosperity
  花生糖 peanut candy - sweet
  过年 Guo-nian; have the Spring Festival
  对联 poetic couplet: two successive rhyming lines in poetry
  春联 Spring Festival couplets
  剪纸 paper-cuts
  年画 New Year paintings
  买年货 special purchases for the Spring Festival ;
  do Spring Festival shopping
  敬酒 propose a toast
  灯笼 lantern: a portable light
  烟花 fireworks
  爆竹 firecrackers (People scare off evil spirits and ghosts with the
   loud pop.)
  红包 red packets (cash wrapped up in red paper,
   symbolize fortune and wealth in the coming year.)
  舞狮 lion dance (The lion is believed to be able to dispel evil
   and bring good luck.)
  舞龙 dragon dance (to expect good weather and good harvests)
  戏曲 traditional opera
  杂耍 variety show; vaudeville
  灯谜 riddles written on lanterns
  灯会 exhibit of lanterns
  守岁 staying-up
  拜年 pay New Year"s call; give New Year"s greetings;
   New Year"s visit
  禁忌 taboo
  去晦气 get rid of the ill- fortune
  祭祖宗 offer sacrifices to one"s ancestors
  压岁钱 gift money;
  money given to children as a lunar New Year gift
  辞旧岁 bid farewell to the old year
  扫房 spring cleaning; general house-cleaning
  Legend has it that Napoleon objected to the time-honored military practice of marching on the left side of the road with weapons at the ready in the right hand: it put lefties like him at a strategic disadvantage. Once in power, the story goes, the French emperor—whose queen, Josephine, was also a southpaw—ordered his armies to switch sides. Civilians in countries he conquered had to do the same. Hence, supposedly, the rules of the road as we know them were born, which also explains why the British (who, along with the Prussians, defeated Napoleon at Waterloo) still drive on the left。
  Not only was atomic scientist Marie Curie left-handed, but she was the matriarch of a whole family of accomplished, southpaw scientists. Curie, who discovered the principles of radioactivity and won two Nobel Prizes, was married to fellow lefty Pierre Curie, who was instrumental in helping Marie"s atomic research and shared one of her Nobel awards. Historians believe their daughter, Irene, was also left-handed. Irene went on to win a Nobel Prize of her own with her husband--who, you guessed it, was also left-handed。
  Lefty scientists are hardly unusual. In addition to the Curie clan, Einstein, Newton and Alan Turing—founder of modern computer science—all were left-handed as well。


  “呜~”那雪狼应声倒地,伴随着寒冷,伴随着饥饿。他,逐渐变成一团红雪。  “哼,”她不耐烦地瞪了雪狼一眼,“自不量力!”我惊讶极了,洪荒,紫兰乡,祖母口中的佳园宝地,难道是如此寒冷残酷的吗?“元普铃。你必须留在这里”祖母望着前方,庄重地命令,又好像在起誓。